Every five years, experts in resuscitation from organisations around the world, including the European Resuscitation Council and the Resuscitation Council (UK), conduct a review. Following the 2015 review, BSAC now recommends the following in-water rescue sequence:
- Give one minute of rescue breaths (10 RBs)
- If no spontaneous breathing returns then either
- Tow the victim to shore as quickly as possible without further RB, or
- Continue on the spot with approximately 10 RBs per minute until support from rescue boat or helicopter arrives to take over the resuscitation. This decision will depend on
the local situation, such as sea conditions, distance to shore, and availability of rescue boat or rescue helicopter.
- In either case, when reaching shore, or having access to the boat or helicopter, the casualty should be promptly dekitted and landed as quickly as possible without further rescue breaths. Once the casualty is landed, basic life support should be carried out in line with current guidance.
Full details can be found in Diving Information Sheet T.13d – BSAC Basic Life Support Guidelines 2016.
BSAC training materials have not yet been updated to reflect this new sequence but this will happen in due course.